HTML (HyperText Markup language) which is used to structure websites is getting advanced day by day. It has reached 5 versions. Many new features like audio and videos are introduced in its newest version. But it seems that many people are still confused between the two HTML vs HTML5.
Therefore in today’s article, we will make it easy for you to understand the differences between the two. That is why keep reading this article and get the information related to both (HTML VS HTML5) versions. We will cover the features of both versions too. So let’s start by discussing both versions in detail.
What does HTML mean?
Full-form of HTML is HyperText Markup Language. Hypertext in HTML is the hyperlinks that the web pages contain. And markup means what to do with the text inside the tags. For example, the text inside the <i></i> tags get italic or inside the <b></b> gets bold. Therefore HTML is the language that uses to create these tags to get them displayed on the internet.
With the correct and systematic approach, we can make a beautiful website. After structuring the website we use CSS to design it. We can use different attributes and properties to make the website functional and beautiful.
What does HTML5 mean?
HTML is getting advanced day by day as the world is progressing. Everyone wants to have their website, at least the portfolio website. Therefore they use HTML and other technologies to make them. That is why to fulfill the requirement HTML goes on updating by the experts and the new version creates.
The latest version is HTML5. It has got many new features that the traditional HTML language was missing. Therefore HTML5 is the newest version of HTML. It’s no different from the traditional HTML. The only difference is in the new features and the improvement in the language.
That is why, here we will distinguish both (HTML vs HTML5) using the features of HTML5 only in the below section.
What are the features of HTML5?
- The header and footer tags: <header></header> tag can contain the heading, information about the application or the logos. Whereas the <footer></footer> tag can contain information such as company address, social media logos, copyright statement etc.
- Video and Audio tags: With the help of the <video></video> tag we can now embed the videos in the web pages. Also, we can use the controls attribute to give the controls otherwise it will play automatically when the page loads. Similarly <audio></audio> tag uses to embed to play the audio.
- SVG tags: Now we can also make different shapes in HTML5 using the<svg></svg> tag. Now we do not <img> tag anymore to just show the shapes. SVG tag will also make the websites load faster.
- Figure and the figure caption tags: Now we can add the captions directly to the images. We do not have to style the heading or paragraphs tags to look like captions. We will use <figure></figure> tag for figures and <figcaption></figcaption> for captions to the figures.
- Placeholder, email attributes: We can use the placeholder to directly tell the user what the particular input field means. Otherwise, we had to use the <label></label> tag to tell the user. Now we do not need them anymore. Also, we can use the email attribute in the forms directly to get the email from the user. This attribute would directly check if all the email conditions are met or not. Example: .com, @, etc.
Check the major differences between HTML vs HTML5
- HTML is not mobile-friendly.
Whereas HTML5 is mobile friendly. We can use media queries to make the website mobile friendly at 480px and 760px for tablets.
- HTML, despite being the oldest version, does not support by all the web-browsers.
Whereas HTML5 supports by all the web-browsers. But some attributes of HTML5 do also not support by some web-browsers like internet explorer etc.
- Character encoding in HTML is very long and difficult.
Whereas in HTML5 we just have to add a UTF-8 keyword.
- Cookies are temporary in HTML.
Whereas in HTML5 we can store cookies in the databases also. Therefore even if the user ends the session even then we can remember him.
Let’s wrap it up!
Even though HTML vs HTML5 work hand in hand, we now have a strong understanding of both. HTML is a hypertext markup language that basically use to create web pages and websites (combinations of web pages). This was introduced in 1993 by Tim Berners-Lee, whereas HTML5 is an upgraded and latest version of HTML that was introduced in 2008 with some additional features. These features are just as support for audio and video with the help of their specified tags and many more functionalities such as enabling drag and drop feature, running Japanese scripts, and many more.
To summarize, both (HTML vs HTML5) are markup languages; the difference is that HTML5 has certain new functionality because it is the most recent version of HTML. You can select any of these based on their features and functionality.
We hope this would help you know about HTML and HTML5. Still have questions, comment them to get the most relevant answer. Keep in touch with us to get more such topics. in detail.